Professor Andrew Thompson
My research focuses on the relationships between British, Imperial and Global histories. One major strand of my interests has been the effects of empire on British private and public life during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Another has been the study of imperial migrations, including the emigration of people from Britain to the 'new' world before 1945, and the immigration of people from Britain's former colonies after 1945. I have also written about the history of colonial South Africa, informal empire in Latin America, and public memories of empire. My most recent book is Empire and Globalisation. Networks of People, Goods and Capital in the British World, 1850-1914 (Cambridge, 2010), co-authored with Professor Gary Magee, an economist at Monash university in Australia. Most recently I have completed a volume of essays for the Oxford History of the British Empire Companion Series entitled Britain's Experience of Empire in the Twentieth Century - this explores the shifting role of Britain's colonies in its culture, society and politics as the empire weathered the storms of the two world wars, was subsequently dismantled and then, apparently, was gone; and a volume of essays to mark the 100th publication of the Manchester University Press Studies-in-Imperialism series, Writing Imperal Histories.I am now wrking on a new project on the history of the international humanitarian system during and after decolonisation, exploring how the end of empire affected both policy and practice in relation to international humanitaranism's three main trajectories: emergency relief, economic development and human rights.
Much of my research has focused on getting British and Imperial histories to speak to each other, and on bringing the empire back into the story of the making of modern Britain. My first book – Imperial Britain. The Empire in British Politics, c.1880-1932 (Longmans, 2000) – was a study of the importance of imperialism as a political cause in the later nineteenth and early twentieth century, and sought to show how grass roots and extra-parliamentary movements mobilised around the empire and how they interacted with imperial interests and ideas in the country at large. My second book – The Empire Strikes Back? The Impact of Imperialism on Britain from the Mid-Nineteenth Century (Pearson, 2005) – was a more wide-ranging study of the range of attitudes people displayed toward the empire, and the different types of experience they derived from it. Inter alia, it argued that the empire markedly extended the boundaries of an increasingly pluralistic British society, that there was never any single or monolithic response to imperialism, and that the meanings ascribed to it were not only multiple but vigorously debated and contested. Together with Professor Jeremy Black, I co-organised a conference on ‘The World: A Deep History of the Tory Party and its Views of Britain’s World Role’ in 2013.
Another strand of my interest relates to imperial migrations: both the emigration of people from the British Isles to the ‘new’ world before 1945, and the immigration of people from Britain’s colonies and former colonies after 1945. The migrant as ‘everyman’ is arguably a defining feature of our own times, but migration is as old as humanity itself, and, it was during the nineteenth century, the most intensive period of migration in human history, that 100 million people moved around the world, with perhaps as many as one in every ten people affected by this experience. Many of these migrants were European and many settled in Europe’s overseas empires. Many were also African and Asian contract and indentured labourers working in plantations, mines and on the railways in European colonies. Migration, then, was crucial to the making of European empires, but those empires, in turn, left their imprint on the migrant experience and the political economies and racial ideologies that informed that experience.
My latest book – Empire and Globalisation? Networks of People Good and Capital in the British World, c.1850-1914 (Cambridge, 2010) is a study of the 2 million or so migrants who left Britain every decade from the 1870s to the 1920s, and the ways in which co-ethnic networks of these migrants, and the rick information flows that passed through them, influenced patterns of trade and investment. In so doing, the book provides a fresh look at the economic, social and cultural ways in which the mature British empire promoted a recognisably modern process of international integration or globalisation, and the pitfalls, as well as the benefits, that this process entailed. It also seeks to relate debates about globalisation in the past to debates about globalisation today, and argues that many of the characteristics of, and difficulties associated with, globalisation in our own times have their origins in the imperial forms of globalisation pursued by the British before the Second World War.
The question of how our colonial past may still be shaping our post-colonial present is, moreover, not only of interest to academics – the churches, humanitarian and human rights organisations, the media and politicians have all grappled with and expressed views on this subject. Arguably the biggest challenge to Britain since the Second World War has been the transformation of the ethnic complexion of its population. How do we manage the raft of contentious religious and racial issues inherited from an imperial past? Hence another stand of my work explores the experiences of immigrants from the so-called ‘new’ Commonwealth - the Indian subcontinent and the Caribbean - during and after decolonisation. A project on ‘Asian Britishness’, undertaken with the Institute of Public Policy Research and Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council, involved interviewing 1st generation Asian migrants and talking to them about their identities, and in particular the ways in which they felt themselves to be ‘British’. This then led to an invitation to speak to the Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit on the subject. I am also currently working with my colleague Dr James House, at the University of Leeds, on immigrant welfare in Britain and France during decolonisation.
My most recent project is a forthcoming companion volume for the Oxford History of the British Empire series, entitled Britain’s Experience of Empire in the Twentieth Century. Written by specialists from various fields, the chapters in this volume range widely across social attitudes to empire, and the place of the colonies in the public imagination, to the implications of imperialism for demography, trade, party politics and political culture, government and foreign policy, the churches and civil society, and the armed forces. The volume also suggests that, almost half a century after the end of formal empire, the legacies of empire are not only very much with us but may have yet have fully to unfold.
I am willing to supervise students interested in modern British history and modern Imperial history, and especially the relationship between them. Below are some examples of the research topics of PhD and Masters by Research students who I supervised at my previous university in Leeds.
‘Forced Removal and South African Nationalisms: Exclusive Citizenship and the Discourses of Population Removal in Apartheid South Africa’.
‘Poor Men and Loose Women: Colonial Kenya’s Other Whites’.
‘Disability in Victorian England, with special reference to the County of Yorkshire, c.1820-1890’.
'Juvenile Literature, Penny Dreadfuls and The Boys of England paper, 1868-1899’
‘Disabled Servicemen in Inter-War Britain’.
‘An Imperial Philanthropist. The Earl of Meath and the Empire Day Movement, c.1900-1929’
‘Women’s Literature and the British Empire’
‘Migrant Entitlement Regimes in Britain and France, c.1945-70’
I joined the University of Exeter as Professor of Modern History in 2011, having previously held a Chair in Imperial and Global History at the University of Leeds where I was Dean of the Faculty of Arts and then Pro-Vice Chancellor for Research. I now sit on the Council of the Arts and Humanities Research Council, for which I work as an Executive Advisor for a day each week, as well as chairing its Public Policy Advisory Group. I am also a member of the Strategic Advisory Group the the Universty of London's School of Advanced Studies.
At Exeter I have set up and now Direct the Centre for Imperial & Global History, with over a dozen colleages working across different aspects of the history of empire, gobal history and transnational history it is the largest research centre of its kind in the UK, with strong international links to Western Europe, Eastern Europe, India, China, South Africa and the United States.
I am currenty leading the Arts and Humanities Research Council's multi-disciplinary strategic programme of research: Care for the Future: Thinking Forward Through the Past.
I am an Honorary Professor at the Universty of South Africa in Pretoria.
I was an undergraduate and postgraduate student at the University of Oxford, and started my academic career as a fixed-term Fellow of History at Corpus Christi College in Oxford.
I am the general editor of the Manchester University Press Studies in Imperialism series, one of MUP's flagship book seris with over 100 tites to its name.