Professor Alan Outram



with Harding AF, Sumberova R, Knusel C, Velim: Violence and Death in Bronze Age Bohemia. The Results of Fieldwork 1992-95, with a Consideration of Peri-mortem Trauma and Deposition in the Bronze Age., Prague, Institute of Archaeology Prague, 2007.

with Mulville J, eds, The Zooarchaeology of Fats, Oils, Milk and Dairying, Oxford, Oxbow, 2005.


with Damgaard PDB, Martiniano R, Kamm J, Moreno-Mayar JV, Kristiansen K, Sikora M, Mckenzie C, Durbin R, Willerslev E, The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia, Science, 2018

with Polyakov A, Gromov A, Moiseyev V, Weber AW, Bazaliiskii VI, Goriunova OI, Archaeological supplement B to Damgaard et al. 2018: discussion of the archaeology of Central Asian and East Asian Neolithic to Bronze Age hunter-gatherers and early pastoralists, including consideration of horse domestication., Zenodo, 2018, 1-21

with Johnson EV, Timpson A, Thomas M, Reduced intensity of bone fat exploitation correlates with increased potential access to dairy fats in early Neolithic Europe, Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 94, Elsevier, 2018, 60-69

with Gaunitz C, Fages A, Willerslev E, Librado P, Orlando L, et al., Ancient genomes revisit the ancestry of domestic and Przewalski's horses, Science, 2018

with Johnson EV, Parmenter PCR, A new approach to profiling taphonomic history through bone fracture analysis, with an example application to the Linearbandkeramik site of Ludwinowo 7., Journal of Archaeological Science Reports, vol. 9, 2016, 623-629

with Roffet-Salque M, Regert M, Evershed RP, Cramp LJE, Decavallas O, Dunne J, Gerbault P, Mileto S, Mirabaud S, Widespread exploitation of the honeybee by early Neolithic farmers., Nature, vol. 527, no. 7577, 2015, 226-230

with Karr LP, Bone degradation and environment: Understanding, assessing and conducting archaeological experiments using modern animal bones, International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, vol. 25, no. 2, 2015, 201-212

with Karr LP, Hannus LA, On the challenges and benefits of indoor archaeology: 15 years at the Archeodome (Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village, South Dakota), Journal of Field Archaeology, vol. 40, 2015, 243-254

with Parmenter PCR, Johnson EV, Inventing the Neolithic? Putting evidence-based interpretation back into the study of faunal remains from causewayed enclosures., World Archaeology, vol. 47, no. 5, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2015, 1-15

with Karr LP, Short EG, Hannus LA, A bone grease processing station at the Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village: Archaeological evidence for the exploitation of bone fats, Environmental Archaeology: the journal of human palaeoecology, 2014, 1-12

with Bogaard A, Palaeodiet and beyond: stable isotopes in bioarchaeology, World Archaeology, vol. 45, no. 3, Routledge, 2013, 333-337

with Bendrey R, Thorpe N, van Wijngaarden-Bakker LH, The Origins of Domestic Horses in North-west Europe: new Direct Dates on the Horses of Newgrange, Ireland, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society (London), vol. 79, 2013, 1-13

with Karr LP, Actualistic research into dynamic impact and its implications for understanding differential bone fragmentation and survivorship, Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 39, no. 11, 2012, 3443-3449

with Kasparov A, Stear NA, Varfolomeev V, Usmanova E, Evershed RP, Patterns of pastoralism in later Bronze Age Kazakhstan: New evidence from faunal and lipid residue analyses, Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 39, no. 7, 2012, 2424-2435

with Karr LP, Tracking changes in bone fracture morphology over time: environment, taphonomy, and the archaeological record, Journal of Archaeological Science, 2012, 555-559

with Stear NA, Kasparov A, Usmanova E, Varfolomeev V, Evershed RP, Horses for the dead: Funerary foodways in Bronze Age Kazakhstan, Antiquity, vol. 85, no. 327, 2011, 116-128

with Karr LP, Hannus LA, Open-area excavations at the Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village, South Dakota (A.D. 1000-1150): new interpretations of site function from interdwelling areas., Journal of Field Archaeology, vol. 26, no. 4, 2011, 281-288

with Karr LP, Hannus LA, A Chronology of Bone Marrow and Bone Grease Exploitation at the Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village, Plains Anthropologist, vol. 55, 2010, 215-223

with Stear NA, Bendrey R, Olsen S, Kasparov A, Zaibert V, Thorpe N, Evershed RP, The earliest horse harnessing and milking., Science, vol. 323, no. 5919, 2009, 1332-1335

with Karr LP, Hannus LA, Bone marrow and bone grease exploitation on the plains of South Dakota: a new perspective on bone fracture evidence from the Mitchell Prehistoric Indian Village., South Dakota Archaeology, vol. 26, 2008, 33-62

Introduction to experimental archaeology, World Archaeology, vol. 40, no. 1, 2008, 1-6

with Harding A, Knight S, Knusel C, Understanding Complex Fragmented Assemblages of Human and Animal Remains: A Fully Integrated Approach, Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 32, no. 12, 2005, 1699-1710

Publishing Archaeological Experiments: a quick guide for the uninitiated, (Re)Construction and Experiment in Archaeology, vol. 2, 2005, 107-110

Applied Models and Indices vs. High-Resolution, Observed Data: Detailed Fracture and Fragmentation Analyses for the Investigation of Skeletal Part Abundance Patterns, Journal of Taphonomy, vol. 2, no. 3, 2004, 167-184

with Knusel CJ, Fragmentation: the zonation method applied to fragmented human remains from archaeological and forensic contexts., Environmental Archaeology: the journal of human palaeoecology, vol. 9, no. 1, 2004, 85-98

Comparing levels of subsistence stress amongst Norse settlers in Iceland and Greenland using levels of bone fat exploitation as an indicator, Environmental Archaeology: the journal of human palaeoecology, vol. 8, no. 2, 2003, 119-128

FOCUS: The scapula representation could be the key: A further contribution to the 'Klasies Pattern' debate, Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 28, no. 12, 2001, 1259-1263

A New Approach to Identifying Bone Marrow and Grease Exploitation: Why the Indeterminate Fragments should not be Ignored, Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 28, no. 4, 2001, 401-410

A comparison of Paleo-Eskimo and Medieval Norse bone fat exploitation in Western Greenland, Arctic Anthropology, vol. 36, no. 1-2, 1999, 103-117

Meat and marrow utility indices for horse (Equus), Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 25, 1998, 839-849

Ochre roasting: the enigma of an unusual lime kiln alteration at the Cheddleton Flint Mills, near Leek, north Staffordshire., Post-Medieval Archaeology, vol. 31, no. 1, 1997, 249-255

with Lauritsen M, Fowler T, Allen R, Alves JM, Ameen C, Irving-Pease E, Larson G, Murphy LJ, Pilgrim E, Celebrating Easter, Christmas and their associated alien fauna., World Archaeology, Taylor & Francis (Routledge)


Answering zooarchaeological questions from the analysis of animal bones and organic pottery residues: a critical comparison, in Rowley-Conwy PA, Serjeantson D, Halstead P (eds) Economic Zooarchaeology Studies in Hunting, Herding and Early Agriculture, Oxbow Books Limited, 2017, 148-156

Pastoralism, in Barker G, Goucher C (eds) The Cambridge World History, Volume II: A World with Agriculture, 12,000 BCE - 500 CE., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015, 161-185

Animal Domestications, in Cummings V, Jordan P, Zvelebil M (eds) Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 749-763

with Kasparov AK, Nekotorye zamechaniia po povodu osteologicheskih materialov kompleksa Lisakovky (poselenie i mogil'niki epohi bronzy) [Some remarks concerning osteological materials of complex of Lisakovsky (the settlement and cemeteries of a bronze epoch)]., in Pamiatniki Lisakovskoy okrugi: arheologicheskie siuzhety, Karaganda: Tengri, 2013, 230-239

with Stear N, Evershed RP, Varfolomeav VV, Identifikacija ostatov zhirov v keramike poselenija kent metedom analiza stabil'nyh izotolov (Identification of lipid residues from ceramics from the settlement of Kent through analysis of stable isotopes), in Loman VG (eds) Arheologicheskie Issledovanija Sternoj Evrazii, Karaganda: Tengri, 2013, 150-168

with Sugden H, An environmental history of the River Sow region, Stafford, in Lock G, Spicer D, Hollins W (eds) Excavations at King's Low and Queen's Low: two Early Bronze Age barrows in Tixall, North Staffordshire., Oxford: Archaeopress, 2013, 49-59

with Kasparov AK, Pervye rezul'taty izucheniia ostatkov mlekopitaiushchikh poseleniia Kent (The first results of the analysis of mammal remains from Kent settlement)., in Istoriko-kul'turnoe nasledie Saryarki, Karaganda: Pr.Hous KAR GU, 2007, 107-122

Animal Bone, in Noort RVD, Chapman HP, Collis JR (eds) Sutton Common: Excavation of an Iron Age ‘Marsh Fort’, York: CBA, 2007, 139-142

Hunter-Gatherers and the First Farmers: the Evolution of Taste in Prehistory, in Freedman P (eds) Food: A History of Taste, Berkley: University of California Press, 2007, 35-62

with Olsen SL, Bradley BA, Maki D, Community organization among Copper Age sedentary horse pastoralists of Kazakhstan, in Peterson D, Popova LM, Smith AT (eds) Beyond the Steppe and the Sown: Proceedings of the 2002 University of Chicago Conference on Eurasian Archaeology, Leiden: Brill, 2006, 89-111

with Knusel C, Fragmentation of the Body: Comestibles, Compost, or Customary Rite?, in Knüsel C, Gowland R (eds) The Social Archaeology of Funerary Remains, Oxford: Oxbow, 2006, 253-278

with Bradley BA, Maki DE, Olsen SE, Community Organization among Copper Age Sedentary Horse Pastoralists of Kazakhstan., in Peterson D, Popova L, Smith A (eds) Beyond the Steppe and the Sown: Proceedings of the First Annual University of Chicago Eurasian Archaeology Conference, Brill Academic Press, 2006, 89-111

Juggling with indices: A review of the evidence and interpretations regarding Upper Palaeolithic horse skeletal part abundance, in Olsen SL, Grant S, Choyke AM, Bartosiewicz L (eds) Horses and Humans: The Evolution of Human Equine Relationships Symposium, Archaeopress, 2006, 49-60

The Mammal Bones, in Rippon S (eds) Landscape and Community: landscape evolution on the North Somerset Levels, York: CBA, 2006, 241-244

Distinguishing bone fat exploitation from other taphonomic processes: what caused the high level of bone fragmentation at the Middle Neolithic site of Ajvide, Gotland?, in Mulville J, Outram AK (eds) The zooarchaeology of fats, oils, milk and dairying, Oxford: Oxbow, 2005, 32-43

Identifying dietary stress in marginal environments: bone fats, optimal foraging theory and the seasonal round, in Mondini M, Munoz S, Wickler S (eds) Colonisation, Migration, and Marginal Areas. A Zooarchaeological Approach, Oxbow, 2004, 74-85

Large Mammal Bones and Bird Bones, in Klemperer WD, Boothroyd N (eds) Excavations at Hulton Abbey, Staffordshire 1987 – 1994, Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology, 2004, 146-147

Bone Fracture and Within-Bone Nutrients: An Experimentally Based Method for Investigating Levels of Marrow Extraction., in Miracle P, Milner N (eds) Consuming Passions and Patterns of Consumption, Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 2002, 51-64

Economic Anatomy, Element Abundance and Optimality: A New Way of Examining Hunters' Bone Transportation Choices., in Millard A (eds) Proceedings of Archaeological Sciences ’97., Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 2001, 117-126

Hunting Meat and Scavenging Marrow: A seasonal explanation for Middle Stone Age subsistence strategies at Klasies River Mouth, in Rowley-Conwy P (eds) Animal Bones and Human Societies, Oxbow Books, 2000, 20-27

Editorial comments

with Eren M, Preface to 'Faunal Extinctions and Introductions', World Archaeology, vol. 44, no. 1, Routledge, 2012, 1-2


Debates in World Archaeology, World Archaeology, vol. 46, no. 5, 2014

Review of: Social Zooarchaeology. Humans and Animals in Prehistory by N Russell, Environmental Archaeology: the journal of human palaeoecology, vol. 18, no. 1, 2013, 83-84

Faunal Extinctions and Introductions, World Archaeology, vol. 44, no. 1, 2012

Review of: Origins of Agriculture in Western Central Asia: an Environmental-Archaeological Study, by David Harris., Cambridge Archaeological Journal, vol. 21, no. 2, 2011, 324-325

Review of B. Hanks and K. Linduff (eds) "Social Complexity in Prehistoric Eurasia Monuments, Metals, and Mobility", Cambridge Archaeological Journal, vol. 20, no. 3, 2010, 467-468

Review of C. M. Woolgar, D. Serjeantson, and T. Waldron (Eds) "Food in medieval England. Diet and nutrition", History, vol. 93, no. 310, 2008, 262-264

Experimental Archaeology, World Archaeology, vol. 40, no. 1, Routledge, 2008

Debates in World Archaeology, World Archaeology, vol. 38, no. 4, Routledge, 2006

Review of M. Levine, C. Renfrew, and K. Boyle (Eds)"Prehistoric steppe adaptation and the horse", Antiquity: a quarterly review of archaeology, vol. 79, no. 305, 2005, 712-713