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Photo of Dr Ljubica Spaskovska

Dr Ljubica Spaskovska

Lecturer in European History


01392 726499

My research interests are in the political and socio-cultural history of internationalism, including development, decolonisation and histories of generations, while providing important new perspectives on the (re) making of anti-imperial Europe and approaches to European-Global South relations. My current and recent projects have addressed interwar student internationalism and the Spanish Civil War, the Non-Aligned Movement and the end of European Empires, the socio-cultural history of internationalism between South-Eastern Europe and Africa/Asia, and both the collapse of state socialism and the history of Yugoslavia, in a global perspective. 

My first monograph The Last Yugoslav Generation: the Rethinking of Youth Politics and Cultures in Late Socialism (Manchester University Press) was published in April 2017. A paperback edition came out in August 2019.


The last Yugoslav generation


A monograph, 1989. A Global History of Eastern Europewritten with my colleagues James Mark, Tobias Rupprecht and Bogdan Iacob to co-incide with the thirtieth anniversary of the 1989 revolutions, was published by Cambridge University Press in September 2019.



Research interests

My current research seeks to write neutrality and non-alignment back into European history and rethink twentieth-century European history from a South / non-aligned perspective. 

My current book project provisionally titled Comrades, Guerillas, Diplomats: Yugoslavia, Non-Alignment and the Quest for a New International Order, 1930-1990 seeks to globalise the history of European violence by tracing a relationship between the Spanish Civil War, WW2 and the post-1945 wars of decolonisation, and show the evolvement of interwar anti-imperialism into a broader 'Third World' internationalist alliance. Often portrayed as a European post-imperial periphery synonymous with conflict and a buffer zone between the Cold War superpowers, the monograph reconceptualises the Balkans and South East Europe as a crucial actor in 20th-century histories of internationalism, antifascism, global socialism and decolonisation, shaping debates and policies on post-colonial ‘worldmaking’, including international governance, neutrality, development and the global economic order.

External impact and engagement

I serve as an external expert on the intergovernmental Macedonian-Bulgarian expert commission on educational and historical issues.














I was delighted to be recognised in the 2020 Teaching Awards run by the University of Exeter Student Guild by winning a teaching award in the 'Inspirational Teaching' category.

I am committed to working with my students as co-producers of knowledge to create a collaborative and inclusive educational experience. I endeavour to embed multiperspectivity in all of the modules I teach. I believe analysing historical events from mutiple perspectives helps students develop historical understanding to contruct their own historical knowledge. Where relevant, 'historical empathy' ('the skill to recognise how people in the past viewed their circumstances, evaluated their opinions, made decisions and how their perceptions were shaped by their values, beliefs and attitudes') and 'perspective taking' can be used as tools to facilitate a grasp of multiple perspectives. 

I am also committed to research and inquiry-led teaching and I believe this encourages critical creative thinking and lifelong learning.  



Modules taught


I completed a PhD in History at Exeter University in 2014. Between 2014 and 2019 I was a post-doctoral research fellow on the Leverhulme-funded project "1989 after 1989: rethinking the fall of state socialism in a global perspective' at Exeter led by Professor James Mark. Between 2009 and 2014 I was part of the University of Edinburgh based project 'Europeanisation of citizenship in the successor states of the former Yugoslavia' (CITSEE) (

I received an MA in Central European History from the Central European University in 2009 and an MA in Democracy and Human Rights in South East Europe from the Universities of Bologna and Sarajevo in 2007. I did my undergraduate studies in Macedonia and at Duke University (U.S.) and I had previsouly worked as a project assistant at the Macedonain Academy of Sciences and Arts, in the civil society sectors in Macedonia and in Kosovo and as a literary translator from French.