Dr Silvia Espelt Bombin
Lecturer in History of the Americas pre 1860
I work on early modern Latin America. My research interests include imperial rivalry in frontiers zones, the shaping of imperial policies by colonial subjects, race and ethnicity in the Brazilian Amazon, French Guiana and Panama.
My current project studies peace-making as a door on to cultural exchanges and negotiation of power between Indians, Africans and several competing European colonial powers in the frontier territories located in the Guianas and Brazilian Amazon. Initial archival research in Portugal for this project has been funded by the Leverhulme Trust SAS (2016-2017).
My current research has developed from my work as a postdoctoral research fellow in the Leverhulme project ‘Past Lessons for Future Changes in the Brazilian Amazon’ working with Prof. Mark Harris at the University of St Andrews (2013-2015). I developed my own line of research with a British Academy/Leverhulme Small Research Grant (2014-2015), focusing on the negotiation of power and space between European empires and indigenous people in the Lower Brazilian Amazon and Eastern Guianas. Through the analysis of archival sources written in French, Portuguese, English, Spanish and Latin I expand these findings in two ways. First, I reconstructed the indigenous history of these borderlands, showing that indigenous polities and networks changed but did not all disappear with the European colonisation of Pará, Amapá (Brazil) and French Guiana. Second, that French and Portuguese imperial rivalry, colonisation and frontier politics can only be understood including indigenous people.
A parallel research interest is the Spanish Empire through the specific case of Panama, on which I wrote my PhD thesis. It analysed a lengthy lawsuit between Europeans and African descendants in the context of the Bourbon Reforms that led to the free trade decrees. My work challenged historiographic understandings of race in Spanish America by showing that Panama’s free African descendants shaped the empire’s eighteenth century racial policies through their notarial petitions; that blood-based arguments used to exclude people of colour from trade had their origins in economic motives originated by the Bourbon reforms; and that the elite of colour employed a combination of individual and collective mechanisms for upward socio-economic mobility. An article and several chapters have come out of this research, and I am researching further and working towards further publications.
I am willing to supervise research students working on most aspects of early modern and nonettenth century Latin America and the Caribbean, especially on:
- early modern empires and colonial societies;
- history of Atlantic slavery and emancipation;
- borderlands history;
- exploration and early encounters.
I have examined PhD thesis at the Universitat de Barcelona (2018, 2019).
- HIH1038 - The Transatlantic Slave Trade: Origins, Development and Impact
- HIH1410 - Understanding the Medieval and Early-Modern World
- HIH1420 - Understanding the Modern World
- HIH2001 - Doing History: Perspectives on Sources
- HIH2030A - Peoples and Empires in Latin America, 1492-1820s
- HIH3005 - General Third-Year Dissertation
- HISM003 - Critical Approaches to Imperial and Global History
I studied History as an undergraduate at the Universitat de Barcelona, where I also completed a DEA in Latin American History in 2006. I was awarded a PhD in History at Newcastle University in 2011, supervised by Prof. Diana Paton (currently at Edinburgh) and funded by the AHRC.
I worked as a Teaching Fellow in Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American Studies in the School of Modern Languages at Newcastle University (2011-2012), and taught part-time History and Spanish at Newcastle University and the University of Durham (2012-2013). I moved to the University of St Andrews as a Research Fellow (2013-2015) on the Leverhulme Funded project 'Past Lessons for Future Challenges in the Brazilian Amazon', led by Prof. Mark Harris in the Department of Social Anthropology. I worked outside academia in 2015-2016 while an Honorary Research Fellow at St Andrews (2015-2018). In 2016 I was awarded a Leverhulme Trust SAS, which I spent at CHAM in Lisbon (August 2016-July 2017) before joining the the University of Exeter in August 2017.