Child Soldiers - War, Society and Humanitarianism in Africa: Sources (HIH3208)
|Staff||Dr Stacey Hynd - Convenor|
|Pre-requisites||At least 90 credits of History at Level 1 and/or Level 2.|
|Co-requisites||Child Soldiers: War, Society and Humanitarianism in Africa : Context|
|Duration of Module||Term 1: 11 weeks; Term 2: 11 weeks;|
Child soldiers are integral to warfare in Africa today, regarded as evidence of the criminalization and civilianization of contemporary conflict. This module provides a rigorous historical contextualization of children’s roles in African conflicts, their experiences and understandings of violence, and a historicized reading of current evidence to develop a new understanding of child combatants. It challenges existing theories by analyzing the long history of ‘child soldiers’ in Africa, from pre-colonial slave raiding, to the First and Second World Wars, to decolonization-era independence struggles, to civil wars and today’s ‘War against Terror’. It looks at how new ideas of human rights and humanitarian intervention have shaped local and global ideas of ‘child soldiers’, and how they should be treated both during and after conflict. The module will train students to critique a variety of sources, from child soldier memoirs to NGO reports, news reports, films and novels, from campaigns against child soldiering to the criminal trials of those accused of recruiting and utilizing child combatants. In analyzing key themes of recruitment, training, combat experiences and demobilization this module will investigate how child soldiers are alternately depicted as ‘victims’, ‘perpetrators’, or social actors with agency in their own lives. The module takes an inter-disciplinary perspective on the study of child soldiers, comparing historical, anthropological, legal, humanitarian and political depictions of the phenomenon. Research-enriched learning is central to the module, being based on the module tutor’s current research which provides the first historical analysis of child soldiering in Africa. The module aims to prepare students to engage with current debates and interventions on child soldiering in international development, law, and media fields.
ILO: Module-specific skills
- 1. Have a detailed knowledge of the different sources available for the study of child soldiering, together with a very close specialist knowledge of those sources which the students focus upon in their seminar presentations and written work.
- 2. Analyse the complex diversity of the sources studied.
ILO: Discipline-specific skills
- 3. Analyse closely original sources and to assess their reliability as historical evidence. Ability to focus on and comprehend complex texts
- 4. Understand and deploy relevant historical terminology in a comprehensible manner.
- 5. Follow shifting constructions and experiences of child soldiers across the period.
ILO: Personal and key skills
- 6. Independently and autonomously study and work within a group, including presentation of material for group discussion, developed through the mode of learning
- 7. Digest, select and organise material to produce, to a deadline, a coherent and cogent argument, developed through the mode of assessment
- 8. Present complex arguments orally
Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)
|Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities||Guided independent study||Placement / study abroad|
Details of learning activities and teaching methods
|Category||Hours of study time||Description|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||44||Seminars (22x2hr)|
|Guided independent study||256||Reading and preparation for seminars, coursework and presentations.|
|Form of assessment||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Seminar discussion||Ongoing through course||1-7||Verbal and written|
Summative assessment (% of credit)
|Coursework||Written exams||Practical exams|
Details of summative assessment
|Form of assessment||% of credit||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Portfolio||70||2 assignments totaling 4,000 words||1-7||Verbal and Written|
|Individual presentation||30||20-30 minutes||1-8||Verbal and Written|
Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)
|Original form of assessment||Form of re-assessment||ILOs re-assessed||Timescale for re-assessment|
|Presentation||Written transcript of 20 minute presentation.||1-8|
The re-assessment consists of a 4,000 word portfolio of source work, as in the original assessment, but replaces the individual presentation with a written script that could be delivered in such a presentation and which is the equivalent of 20 minutes of speech.
Indicative learning resources - Basic reading
Module has an active ELE page?
Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources
Indicative learning resources - Other resources
Available as distance learning?
Last revision date
Key words search
History, War, Children, Soldiers, Human Rights, Humanitarianism, Africa, Civil War