Professor Pascale Aebischer
Pascale Aebischer is Professor of Shakespeare and Early Modern Performance Studies. She specialises in the history of the performance of early modern drama (including Shakespeare), with an emphasis on 1580s-1700 and 1980s-present. She has a particular interest in bodies and performance technologies (from candlelight through social media to 'live' theatre broadcast), as well as in the connection between the reconstruction of early modern playhouses and urban regeneration. These interests are reflected in her teaching, which focuses on early modern - Restoration theatrical cultures and performance practices, Shakespeare, and present-day performance on stages and screens.
She has served as Director of Education and Head of Department for the Department of English and Film. From September 2018-April 2019, she is on study leave in order to finish her book on Shakespeare, Spectatorship and Technologies of Performance. During this period, she is not available for office hours although she continues supervising her PhD students.
Office 319 (Queen's Building)
My research is mostly situated at the intersection between the early modern playtext and theatrical culture on the one hand and present-day performance on the other, with a particular focus on bodies, gender, race, violence, ethics, media, or spectatorship - or all of these together. Past research and book projects include Shakespeare's Violated Bodies: Stage and Screen Performance (CUP, 2004), Remaking Shakespeare: Performance Across Media, Genres and Cultures (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), Jacobean Drama (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), Performing Early Modern Drama Today (CUP, 2012, "Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2013") and Screening Early Modern Drama: Beyond Shakespeare (CUP, 2013) - which finally gave me the chance to also write about the cinema of Derek Jarman, a long-standing interest. Most recently, I collaborated with Susanne Greenhalgh (Roehampton) and Laurie Osborne (Colby) on Shakespeare and the 'Live' Theatre Broadcast Experience (Bloomsbury/Arden Shakespeare, 2018). This is the first collection of essays to concentrate exclusively on the phenomenon of how Shakespeare has, in the twenty-first century, been experienced as a “live” or “as-live” theatre broadcast by audiences around the world. The essays explore some of the precursors of this phenomenon, consider some of the most important companies that have produced such broadcasts since 2009 and examine the impact these broadcasts have had on branding, ideology, style and access to Shakespeare for international audiences. Contributors from around the world reflect on changing viewing practices, Shakespearean fan cultures and the use of social media by audience members for whom “liveness” is increasingly tied up in the experience economy.
Working on my chapter on early modern performance and digital media for my last monograph got me thinking hard about the relationship between performance and technological innovation, past and present. I am ever more interested in the theatrical culture and performance environments of the early modern period, and in that context have contributed to workshops informing the reconstruction of the Whitehall Cockpit-in-Court (based on the Inigo Jones/John Webb designs) in Knowsley as part of Shakespeare North. I am also interested in the implications of the archaeological excavation of the Curtain Playhouse by Heather Knight (MOLA) and am working with Heather and Callan Davies (Roehampton) on how best to revise current narratives regarding early modern entertainments in North London in light of Heather's finds (see the MOLA website).
In addition to that, I am finishing a monograph for Cambridge University Press (submission date: April 2019). Shakespeare, Spectatorship and the Technologies of Performance, builds on recent work in phenomenological approaches to performance and spectatorship, as well as on work on digital performance, scenography and theatre architecture and reconstruction. I am concerned with how the affordances of present-day performance technologies, both low-tech (as in the use of architecture and candlelight in the Sam Wanamaker Playhouse) and high-tech (as in the use of digital technologies to transmit, enhance and expand on live performances), create new ways of understanding the spatial dynamics and dramaturgies of early modern drama. What, for example, happens to spatial relations, 'liveness' and the relationship between the spectator and the performance when a theatrical performance is transmitted live to a cinema near you?
I am very interested in hearing from graduate students who would like to carry out a research project on Shakespeare and early modern performance studies, theatre history, spectatorship, feminist and/or queer responses to early modern drama, or adaptation studies. I have a particular interest in media and technology, including digital technologies, and have a long-standing fascination with the work of Derek Jarman and other counter-cultural artists who have engaged with the drama of the early modern period.
I also have an interest in the relationship between French classical theatre and early modern drama in England and would welcome supervising interdisciplinary work that might also take in German and Italian traditions, as well as visual culture.
I am currently supervising four students: Harry McCarthy, who is working on boy actors' training and performances in the early modern theatre industry, Jim Porteous, who is examining a cluster of plays written at the time of James I's accession (the 'Ho' plays, plus Isle of Gulls), and Abhik Maiti, who is researching the merging boundaries between video games and literature, with an emphasis on Shakespeare.
Former supervisees include:
- Jeremy Bloomfield: “An Analytical History of Webster’s The Duchess of Malfi in Text and Performance” (co-supervised with Dr Jane Milling, Drama): completed within four years; PhD awarded in 2011.
- Jennifer Barnes: ‘“Masculinity and the Heroic Body in Filmed Adaptations of Shakespeare’s Tragedies”: completed within four years; PhD awarded in 2012. Her thesis research has since been rewritten as Shakespearean Star: Laurence Olivier and National Cinema (Cambridge University Press, 2017).
- Sally Templeman: “Food and Its Discourses in Early Modern Texts”: completed within four years; PhD awarded in 2013.
- James Alsop: “The Living Dead in Early Modern Drama”: submitted within four years; PhD awarded in 2015.
- Callan Davies: “The Mechanics and Invention of Moral Vision in Early Modern Tragedy”. completed within four years; PhD awarded in 2016.
Contribution to discipline
Between 2012 and 2017, I was General Editor of Shakespeare Bulletin, the leading journal in early modern performance studies (http://www.press.jhu.edu/journals/shakespeare_bulletin/). I am still on the journal's editorial board and am furthermore on the editorial boards for Literature Compass and The Hare, as well as for Cambridge University Press' Shakesepeare on Screen and Cambridge Elements: Shakespeare in Performance series. I also review for some of the major presses and journals in the field of Shakespearean and early modern performance studies. In 2011-12, as part of an AHRC-funded research project, I took on the role of Higher Education consultant for Stage on Screen, a London-based production company (see www.stageonscreen.com).
I have contributed to workshops and debates that inform the reconstruction of Inigo Jones' and John Webb's designs for the Cockpit-in-Court as part of the Shakespeare North project in Knowsley and am currently part of a research team that includes Callan Davies at the University of Roehampton and Heather Knight at the Museum of London Archaeology that seeks to explore how Knight's excavation of the Curtain Playhouse shifts received narratives regarding the entertainment culture and architecture of playhouses in Elizabethan and Jacobean London.
I work in early modern performance studies, looking at the ways in which the plays by Shakespeare and his contemporaries are redeployed in present-day performance, exhibitions, installations, digital media and criticism. There is an obvious connection between this research and my teaching, which concentrates on Shakespeare (Level 1), theatre history ('Theatrical Cultures: Renaissance to Restoration', Level 2), the wider early modern culture in which the plays are embedded ('Desire and Power', Level 2), and present-day performances of early modern drama across a range of media ('Spectacular Bodies', Level 3). I have also taught on the 'Staging Shakespeare' MA/MFA programme led by the Drama department and contribute to MA teaching in the Department of English. My current research on how performance technologies translate the spatial dynamics of early modern drama in present-day performance is intimately connected to the teaching I do for 'Theatrical Cultures' and to the work I do as General Editor of Shakespeare Bulletin.
Since the Student Guild's Teaching Awards were first introduced in 2009-10, I have been nominated for a range of awards every year. I was voted 'Lecturer of the Year' for English in 2009-10, 'Most Supportive Member of Staff' for English in 2010-11, and was shortlisted for the institutional award for 'Research-Led Teaching' in 2016.
I grew up in Bern (Switzerland), where I spoke French at home and Swiss German with my friends. I interrupted my Combined Honours degree in English and French Literature at the University of Bern for one year in 1990-91 so as to study for a Postgraduate Diploma in Performing Arts at the London Academy of Performing Arts. This experience inspired me to start a theatre company at the University of Bern and to celebrate the end of my degree with a staging of A Midsummer Night's Dream.
In 1996, I was awarded a Berrow Scholarship to allow me to study for an M.St and a DPhil at Lincoln College, Oxford. While there, I staged a production of the First Quarto of Romeo and Juliet with my fellow-students and took advantage of the proximity of Stratford-upon-Avon to spend a lot of time in the theatre and even more time in the Shakespeare Centre's archives.
Upon completion of my DPhil, I took up a Research Fellowship at Darwin College, Cambridge, with the support of a Research Fellowship for Advanced Researchers from the Swiss National Science Foundation. For the next three years, I combined work on Henry Green and on my first book with teaching the early modern syllabus for colleges in Oxford and Cambridge. In 2001, I also had the opportunity to work with colleagues at Anglia Ruskin University to organise Scaena: Shakespeare and His Contemporaries in Performance, a large international conference.
My first two years as a lecturer were spent in Leicester, which was tremendous fun and a very important stepping-stone towards my move to Exeter, where I've been since 2004.
Since arriving in Exeter, I've had two children and have written books on Jacobean drama and film adaptations of early modern plays. With the help of a research assistant (Callan Davies) and colleagues in the UK (Dr Paul Prescott, Warwick) and Canada (Prof. Kathryn Prince, Ottawa and Prof. Roberta Barker, Dalhousie), I edit Shakespeare Bulletin. I teach mainly for the Department of English but take a vivid interest in Drama and in the work of the Northcott Theatre.