Book cover from Human Conflict Knusel project

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict 

A History of Human Conflict: Osteology and ‘Traumatized Bodies’ from Earliest Prehistory to the Present

Professor Christopher Knüsel 

In conjunction with Martin Smith (Bournemouth University) under the auspices of a British Academy Small Grant (SG110351), the theme of conflict as understood from the analysis of human remains in their archaeological context features in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict (see:, to which he is a contributor and co-editor with Martin Smith (Bournemouth University). The genesis of this volume arises in response to the following question: If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defences may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine.

Warfare is often described as ‘senseless’ and as having no place in society. Consequently, its place in social relations and societal change remains obscure. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, but this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather it provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.