Photo of  Gary Stringer

Gary Stringer

Digital Humanities Manager


01392 724279

Gary leads a team providing advice, support, teaching and innovation for aspects of Digital Humanities research. The team provide expertise to many and varied research projects that involve significant digital outputs, contributing data management plans to research bids and giving project management support to successful projects. The broad range of methods and projects can be viewed on the College of Humanities' Digital Research pages.

Gary has worked in the field of Digital Humanities since 1993, and has particular interests in the production of digital critical editions, digitisation workflows and the preservation of digital resources. He is a strong advocate of standards such as TEI/XML, of open, resilient and interoperable data in general, and has expertise in digital copyright and Open Source software development. 

His work includes the web interface for a significant digital variorum edition, the Je chant ung chant archive (2007), which presented multi-witness TEI-conformant parallel encoded texts in configurable views through an XSLT/XQuery interface, running on eXist-db. The work was funded by a substantial grant from the AHRC. He has contributed to more recent grant-funded projects as a technical advisor, project manager and advisory board member.

He is a member of the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organisations and the TEI Consortium, and holds qualifications in Linguistics, Computer Science and Linux system administration.

Research interests

XML, Text Encoding and Standards

  • Use of TEI and other standards to encode and preserve textual material for archiving, searching and production of digital editions.
  • In particular, the development of dynamic variorum editions, which allow the version-neutral display of textual variants and apparatus, and the potential for customisation and adaptation according to the scholar's needs.
  • Management of textual data througgh source control systems to examine editorial practice and provide sustainable outputs.

Knowledge Management and Ontologies

  • Developing ontologies for knowledge domains in the Archival sector; managing transitions from word lists and thesauri to full ontologies.
  • Classification and categorisation, and the tensions between user participation and professionalism in the creation of metadata.
  • Incorporation of Linked Open Data into resources through APIs, SPARQL and other semantic web endpoints.

Digitisation Practice

  • Technical aspects of the digitisation process, including database systems for collection of metadata; best practice for text, image and audio digitisation.
  • Preservation and sustainability of digital outputs, including preparation of data for ingest to repositories, and use of open source models for the continuing development and reuse of digital data.
  • Design of content management systems to promote good practice in digitisation and cataloguing by untrained users, particularly in a crowdsourced or volunteer-based context.

Gary also has interests in linguistics, having worked on theoretical models of language evolution in New Testament Greek, and studied the use of language mediated by new technologies, from videoconferenced language tuition (1995) through online text communities (MOOs and MUDs, 2000s) to the interactions with social media today.

Contribution to discipline

University committees

  • University Safety Committee (2010-2016)
  • IT Common Action Team (2010-2014)
  • Infrastructure Common Action Team (2010-2014)
  • Technical Infrastructure Group (2011-2016)
  • Information Security Strategy Group (2011-present)
  • iExeter Governance Group (2013-present)
  • Business Continuity Support Group (2012-2015)
  • Fire Safety Action Group (2012-2016)
  • One Exeter IT Steering Group / Reps Group (2014-2015)
  • High Performance Computing Governance Group (2015-present)


For many years (1995-2010), Gary taught a variety of IT-related topics at undergraduate and postgraduate level, part of a degree programme in Digital Humanities provided by the arts computing unit, Pallas (later called CMIT). The topics included Internet studies (at a time when the Internet was new and uncommercialised), information management, ethical and philosphical implications of technology, and more technical subjects such as PHP programming, web design and XML/XSLT/XQuery.



  • Master of Arts in Applied Linguistics (1996), University of Exeter
    • Dissertation topic: Computer-based Two-level Morphology of New Testament Greek
    • Initial findings published as:
      New Testament Greek: towards a two-level description Machine Translation Review, 4 (October 1996), pp.17-21. Swindon, UK: British Computer Society
  • Bachelor of Science in Computer Science (1993), University of Exeter
  • Red Hat Certified Engineer (1998)

Industry Experience

  • Texas Instruments / Geophysical Services International (1987-1990): Programmer / Operations Manager
    Responsible for job throughput and troubleshooting for IBM 3090 mainframe systems; debugging in Fortran77 for array processors.