Professor Andrew Thorpe
BA (Birm), PhD (Sheff), FRHistS
Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Executive Dean (Humanities) and Professor of Modern British History
My research centres on twentieth-century British political history, the history of party and policymaking, and international Communism in the era of the Communist International. I have worked extensively on the history of the Labour party, and also on Communist party history, but my interests are not confined to the parties of the left. My most recent book analyses the organisation of all the major parties in Britain during the Second World War. I am now working on a project on the Labour leader, trade unionist, Methodist, statesman and Nobel Laureate Arthur Henderson (1863-1935).
For my latest book, Parties at War: Political Organization in Second World War Britain (OUP 2009), see http://www.oup.com/uk/catalogue/?ci=9780199272730
In my current role as Pro Vice Chancellor and Executive Dean of the College of Humanities I have overall responsibility for around 4,000 students and more than 200 academic staff across a wide range of disciplines - Archaeology, Art History and Visual Culture, Classics and Ancient History, Creative Writing, Drama, English, Film, History, Modern Languages, and Theology and Religion. I am a member of the University's Vice Chancellor's Executive Group, Senior Management Group, and Senate. I also am a Fellow of Royal Historical Society.
My research centres on twentieth-century British political history, the history of party and policymaking, and international Communism in the era of the Communist International. I have worked extensively on the history of the Labour party, and also on Communist party history, but my interests are not confined to the parties of the left.
My latest book, published by OUP in January 2009, investigates the organisation of all the major parties in Britain during the Second World War. This project was funded by the British Academy and the AHRC and made extensive use of constituency-level records, as well as national party records and the papers of politicians.
I am currently researching the life and career of Arthur Henderson (1863-1935), with the support of a British Academy award. Henderson was a pivotal figure in the early history of the Labour party, one of its first MPs, three times its leader, architect of its 1918 constitution, and a senior minister in the first two Labour governments of 1924 and 1929-31. He was also important as a leading lay Wesleyan Methodist, and as a trade unionist, while in his later years he emerged as one of Labour's foremost experts on foreign policy. After serving as Foreign Secretary between 1929 and 1931, he went on to serve as president of the World Disarmament Conference at Geneva (1932-4), being awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1934. This major figure lacks a detailed modern biography covering all aspects of his work: this project aims to use hitherto under-utilised sources to provide such a study.
Recent conference and research seminar papers
‘More Methodist than Marx? Methodism and the British Labour movement, 1890-1939’, John Wesley Lecture, Lincoln College Oxford, May 2013
‘British trade unions in historical perspective’, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, USA, November 2012
‘Arthur Henderson, Methodism, and Labour’s International Policy’, North American Conference on British Studies, Montreal, Canada, November 2012
‘Arthur Henderson and British Methodism, 1877-1935’, conference on modern British History, University of Stirling, UK, June 2012
‘Myth and counter-myth in World War II Britain’, Duncan Tanner Memorial Conference, Bangor University, February 2012
‘Reconsidering Arthur Henderson’, University of Reading, UK, February 2011
‘Labour leaders and the Liberals, 1906-24’, conference on the Liberal party, 1906-24, University of Rouen, France, January 2011
‘Historians and Labour parties: changing methods, approaches and purposes’, conference on Revisiting Labour History, Valletta, Malta, October 2010
‘Nina Fishman’s Arthur Horner and labour biography’, conference on biography and identity in the making of British radicals, Swansea, UK, May 2010
‘Failure in Communist party leadership: Harry Pollitt and the British Communist party after 1945’, Eighth European Social Science History Conference, Ghent, Belgium, April 2010
‘Labour and the Second World War’, Political Studies Association Labour Movements Group conference, University of Bristol, UK, December 2009
‘Myth and counter-myth in World War II Britain’, North American Conference on British Studies, Louisville, Kentucky, USA, November 2009
‘The 1929 general election reconsidered’, conference on Britain’s second Labour government, 1929-31: a reappraisal, Anglia Ruskin University, UK, May 2009
‘Myth and counter-myth in Second World War British politics', North East Conference on British Studies, Boston College, Boston, USA, November 2008
‘ British society and politics during the Second World War’, conference on Britain: History, Education, Culture, Yaroslavl' State Pedagogical university, Yaroslavl', Russia, May 2008
‘Politics or organisation? Labour party membership in the Second World War’, Seventh European Social Science History Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, March 2008
‘The Communist party and the New party’, conference on Oswald Mosley’s New party, University of Reading, UK, September 2007
‘Labour party finance in the Second World War’, conference on modern British History, Universities of Stirling and Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, June 2007
‘Conservative party membership in World War II Britain’, MOBSS conference, Durham University, UK, May 2007
‘Labour party membership in World War II Britain’, Political Studies Association conference, University of Bath, UK, April 2007
Twentieth-century British history remains a vibrant field of study. I have supervised research postgraduates in a range of areas. Exeter is, of course, a prime location from which to study the South-West of England, and the sources both at the University, in the city and a little further afield are very rich for a number of topics. However, as can be seen from my own list of publications and the topics that I have researched at doctoral level, Exeter is also a good location from which to pursue national-level topics. Its good transport links, in particular, mean that it is not difficult to get to archives and libraries in London, the midlands, South Wales, or, indeed, archives further north. In particular, my extensive experience of using the holdings of local record offices all over Britain means that I am able to offer advice as to which topics are more or less viable according to the location of archives and the student's ability to travel.
I would be especially keen to supervise students in the following broad areas, although the list is by no means exclusive:
- The history of the Labour party.
- Conservative party history.
- The history of the Liberal party.
- Communist party history.
- Studies of electoral politics, at either a regional or national level.
- The careers of politicians.
- The political history of the twentieth-century South-West.
- Religion and politics in twentieth-century Britain.
Of course, each of these categories in itself contains dozens, if not hundreds, of possible PhD research topics: the categories are merely broad indications of the kinds of fields that are available. I would be happy to discuss with potential research students the possibilities of research in any area of twentieth-century British history: see http://humanities.exeter.ac.uk/graduateschool/ for more information.
G Tregidga, ‘The Liberal party in Cornwall, 1918-1939’, MPhil, 1991
M D Kandiah, ‘Lord Woolton’s chairmanship of the Conservative party, 1946-1951’, PhD, 1993 (jointly with Dr B I Coleman)
N Riddell, ‘The second Labour government, 1929-31, and the wider Labour movement’, PhD (British Academy funded), 1995 (published as Labour in Crisis, MUP, 1999)
G Tregidga, ‘The Liberal party in the South-West of England, 1929-1959’, PhD (University Research Fund funded), 1996 (published as The Liberal Party in South-West Britain since 1918, University of Exeter Press, 2000)
D Griffiths, ‘Policing England and Wales between the two world wars’, PhD 2001
Ullin Jodah, ‘The British Labour Party and the Hungarian Social Democrats 1945-9’, University of the West of England PhD, 2002 (external supervisor)
Claire Waddingham, ‘British policy towards Kenya and Rhodesia in the 1950s and 1960s’, MPhil 2004
Susan Hess, ‘Evacuation in World War II Devon’, PhD, 2007
Michael Callaghan, ‘John Aloysius Costello: The forgotten Taoiseach’, PhD, 2009
Richard Wevill, ‘The Washington Embassy and Anglo-American relations, 1945-48’, PhD, 2010 (published as Britain and America after World War II: Bilateral Relations and the Beginnings of the Cold War, I. B. Tauris, 2012)
James Parker, ‘British trade unions and the Labour party in the 1930s’, PhD, 2011-date (AHRC funded)
Simon Peplow, ‘The British riots of 1981’,PhD, 2011-date (AHRC funded)
Philip Child, ‘Affluence and the tower block: Labour attitudes to social housing and urban poverty in affluent Britain, 1951-70’, MPhil/PhD, 2012-date (AHRC funded)
I have also acted as an external examiner for PhDs at a number of universities in the UK and abroad.
External impact and engagement
I believe firmly that there is no dichotomy between the academic world on the one hand and an imaginary 'real world' on the other. Each needs the other. With that in view, I am keenly committed to wider engagement between the two. In my own case this involves participation in a number of activities, including speaking to groups of enthusiasts about aspects of Labour history, working with the History and Policy group on trade unions, and - in my role as Dean - attempting to form partnerships with external bodies for the benefit of our staff and research students.
Contribution to discipline
I have been the Honorary Editor of the Devon and Cornwall Record Society since 1998 (see http://www.cs.ncl.ac.uk/genuki/DEV/DCRS/)
I am a member of the Editorial Boards of the following journals:
- Contemporary British History
- Journal of Maltese History
- Twentieth Century Communism
I appear from time to time on radio and TV. I was the guest on BBC Parliament's BookTalk when the 3rd edition of my History of the British Labour Party was published, and have most recently appeared on the BBC News Channel commenting on the Labour party's relationship with the trade unions. I also write periodically in the press.
I have taught for over 20 years on a wide range of modules in British, European and American history. Most recently, I have taught modules on The History of the British Labour Party; Party Politics in Second World War Britain; Twentieth Century Britain; and International Communism and the Communist International, 1919-43. My most recent MA teaching was on the module Interpreting British Party Politics. I have always been keen to ensure that my research enriches my teaching to a very considerable extent, and regard it as vitally important that students should emerge from my modules with a very clear sense of the challenges and opportunities that face historians in my field. I remain keenly interested in teaching matters, and am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.
I attended the Gosforth and Henry Fanshawe Schools in Dronfield, North-East Derbyshire. In 1980, I went to the University of Birmingham to study for a B.A. in Medieval and Modern History, graduating with first-class honours in 1983. After a year spent as a Repairs Ordering Clerk in the Housing Department of Sheffield City Council, I returned to academic life in October 1984 when I entered the University of Sheffield to research for a PhD in History, under the supervision of Dr John Stevenson. I was awarded the PhD for my thesis, on ‘The British general election of 1931’, in 1988. I was appointed to a Lectureship in History at the University of Exeter in 1987, being promoted to Senior Lecturer in 1996 and Professor of Modern British History in 2002. I was Head of the Department of History between 2004 and 2007, and from then until 2010 was Deputy Head and Director of Research of what was then the School of Humanities and Social Sciences. I was Associate Dean for Research and Knowledge Transfer in the College of Humanities from 2010 to 2014. I became the Dean of the College of Humanities in August 2014, and took on the newly-formed role of Pro Vice Chancellor and Executive Dean of the College in August 2015.