Funded by the ERC

EU funded project


Project team

We are a large team comprising of a Principal Investigator, eight Senior Visiting Fellows, four PhD students and a Project Administrator. In the months to come, we also expect to welcome a Web Developer and a Research Assistant. 


Maria Fusaro graduated from the Università di Venezia Ca’ Foscari, and then moved to Cambridge where she completed her PhD in 2002. After a Junior Research Fellowship at St. Hugh’s College at Oxford, she was Assistant Professor at the University of Chicago. At the University of Exeter since 2006, she is presently Professor in Early Modern Social and Economy History and she directs the Centre for Maritime Historical Studies.

Selected publications

She is the author of Political Economies of Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean: The Decline of Venice and the Rise of England 1450-1700 (Cambridge, 2015); Reti commerciali e traffici globali in eta' moderna (Rome-Bari, 2008); L’uva passa. Una guerra commerciale tra Venezia e l’Inghilterra, 1540-1640 (Venice, 1997). She has co-edited with B. Allaire, R. Blakemore, T. Vanneste, Labour, Law and Empire: Comparative Perspectives on Seafarers, c. 1500-1800 (London-New York, 2015); with C. Heywood and M.-S. Omri, Trade and Cultural Exchange in the Early Modern Mediterranean: Braudel’s Maritime Legacy (London, 2010) and with Á. Polonia, Maritime History as Global History (St. John’s, 2011).

Amongst her articles: ‘Public Service and Private Trade: Northern Seamen in Seventeenth Century Venetian Courts of Justice’, The International Journal of Maritime History, 27 (2015): 3-25; ‘Politics of justice/Politics of trade: foreign merchants and the administration of justice from the records of Venice’s Giudici del Forestier’, (59 pp.) Mélanges de l’École française de Rome, MEFRIM, 126/1 (2014); ‘Cooperating mercantile networks in the Early Modern Mediterranean’, The Economic History Review, 65 (2012); ‘Maritime History as Global History? The methodological challenges and a future research agenda’, in Maritime History as Global History; ‘Les Anglais et les Grecs. Un réseau de coopération commerciale en Méditerranée vénitienne’, Annales Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 58 (2003).

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Sabine Go works at the VU University Business School in Amsterdam. Her research is focused on the emergence and development of economic institutions during the early modern times in the Low Countries, in particular marine insurance. Her current research concerns the occurrence and evolution of contract enforcement mechanisms and the way these have affected economic development in general and behaviour of parties to an industry in particular.

Selected publications

Go, Sabine C.P.J. and Th. Allain, 'Les archives de la Chambre des Assurances et Avaries d’Amsterdam, une source méconnue pour l’histoire maritime à l’époque modern’, in: Christian Borde en Eric Roulet (dir.), L'assurance maritime XIVe-XXIe siècle, Aachen, Shaker Verlag.

Go, Sabine C.P.J., 'Amsterdam: emergence, dominance, and decline', in Leonard, A.B. (ed.): Marine insurance: international development and evolution, Palgrave History of Finance Series, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

Go, Sabine, e.a., Zekere zaken; Mijlpalen uit de geschiedenis van de coassurantie, Rotterdam 2016.

Go, Sabine, “Agenten en de strijd tegen de concurrentie: buitenlandse maatschappijen op de Nederlandse markt (ca. 1850 tot ca. 1900)”, in: Go, Sabine, e.a., Zekere zaken; Mijlpalen uit de geschiedenis van de coassurantiemarkt, Rotterdam, 2016, 20-25.

Sabine C.P.J. Go, 'The Amsterdam Chamber of Insurance and Average: A New Phase in Formal Contract Enforcement (Late sixteenth and seventeenth Centuries)', Enterprise and Society 14 (3), 511-543.

Sabine C.P.J. Go, “The Amsterdam and Rotterdam Insurance Markets in the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century: Inertia versus Adaptability”, International Journal of Maritime History, XXIII, 2, 85-110.

Sabine C.P.J. Go, Marine insurance in the Netherlands 1600-1870, a comparative institutional approach (Amsterdam 2009).

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Andrea Addobbati is Associate Professor (Reader) in Early Modern History at the University of Pisa. His PhD was in Economic History at the Istituto Universitario Navale of Naples, where his thesis examined the Insurance Market in Livorno in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He cultivates an interest in both the history of Italian society and cultural history. He is a member of the Advisory Board for the programme for Doctoral Studies in History and has been repeatedly Primary Advisor and Committee member of the same programme.

Selected publications

Commercio, rischio, guerra. Il mercato delle assicurazioni marittime di Livorno (1694-1795), Roma, Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 2007, pp. 320.

La festa e il gioco nella Toscana del Settecento, Plus, Pisa 2002, pp. 306.

A. Addobbati, M. Aglietti (eds), La città delle nazioni. Livorno e i limiti del cosmopolitismo (1566-1834). Studi dedicati a Lucia Frattarelli Fischer, Pisa University Press, 2016.

A. Addobbati, R. Bizzocchi e G. Salinero (eds), L'Italia dei cognomi. L'antroponimia italiana nel quadro mediterraneo, Pisa, Pisa University Press, 2012.

A. Addobbati (ed.), Islam e Occidente: la storia e il mondo che cambia, Pisa, Plus 2003.

Italy: cooperation and competition, 1500-1800, in A. Leonard (ed.), Marine insurance: origins and institutions, 1300–1850, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, pp. 46-77.

Until the Very Last Nail: English Seafaring and Wage Litigation in Seventeenth-Century Livorno, in M. Fusaro, B. Allaire, R. Blakemore, T. Vanneste (eds), Law, Labour, and Empire. Comparative Perspectives on Seafarers, c. 1500-1800, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, pp. 43-60.

Una nuova lettura del Dei Doveri dei Principi Neutrali di Ferdinando Galiani, in M. Cini (ed.), Traffici commerciali, sicurezza marittima, guerra di corsa. Il Mediterraneo e l'Ordine di S.Stefano. Pisa, ETS, 2011, pp. 181-219.

When Proof is Lacking: A ship captain's oath and commercial justice in the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century, «Quaderni Storici», 3 (2016), pp. 727-52.

Assicurazioni e gioco d'azzardo tra Bordeaux, Londra e Livorno. Le polizze speculative sul commercio franco-caraibico durante la guerra di successione austriaca, «Quaderni Storici», vol. 143 (2013), p. 441-65.

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Giovanni Ceccarelli is Associate Professor in Economic History at the Università degli studi di Parma. He holds a PhD in Economic History from the Università Bocconi of Milano (2001) and is Chercheur Associé at the Université Montaigne-Bordeaux 3. In 2016/2017, he was a visiting Fellow at Princeton University’s Department of History. His research interests include early modern commerce and finance, with a special focus on risk-management contracts; late medieval economic thought; food and retail history with a specific interest on typical products, and food marketing.

Selected publications

Coping with Unknown Risks in Renaissance Florence: Insurers, Friars and Abacus Teachers, in C. Zwierlein (ed.), The Dark Side of Knowledge: Histories of Ignorance, 1400 to 1800, Brill, Boston/Leiden, 2016, pp. 117-138.

Typicality in History. Tradition, Innovation, and Terroir La typicité dans l’histoire. Tradition, innovation et terroir, Peter Lang, Bruxelles, 2013 [co-edited, with Alberto Grandi e Stefano Magagnoli].

Un mercato del rischio. Assicurare e farsi assicurare nella Firenze rinascimentale, Marsilio, Venezia, 2012.

“The Price for Risk-Taking: Marine Insurance and Probability Calculus in the Late Middle Ages,” Journ@l électronique d’Histoire des Probabilités et de la Statistique/Electronic Journ@l for History of Probability and Statistics, 3-1 (2007), pp. 1-26.

“‘Whatever Economics’: Economic Thought in Quodlibeta,” in C. Schabel, (ed.), Theological quodlibeta in the Middle Ages: The Thirteenth Century, Brill, Leiden-Boston, 2006, pp. 475-505.

Il gioco e il peccato. Economia e rischio nel Tardo Medioevo, il Mulino, Bologna, 2003 (Collana di Storia dell’economia e del credito, XII).

“Risky Business. Theological and Canonical Thought on Insurance from the Thirteenth to the Seventeenth Century,” The Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, Duke University, 31-3 (2001), pp. 602-652.

“Le jeu comme contrat et le risicum chez Olivi,” in A. Boureau, S. Piron, (dirs.), Pierre de Jean Olivi (1248-1298). Pensée scolastique, dissidence spirituelle et société: Actes du Colloque de Narbonne (mars 1998), Vrin, Paris, 1999, pp. 239-250.

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Dave De ruysscher (MA, LLM, PhD) is a legal historian and a lawyer. His research revolves around the history of commercial and private law until the present day. The focus of his research has thus far been on early modern commercial law, in particular on bills of exchange, partnership and bankruptcy. It has also focused on early modern contract law (assignment, capacity to contract). Dave has written three substantial books, and several peer-reviewed articles and book chapters in English, French and Dutch. In 2016, he was awarded an ERC Starting Grant, on the theme of collateral rights and insolvency. He is currently working in the Department of Public Law, Jurisprudence and Legal History at Tilburg University and in the Department of Interdisciplinary Legal Studies of the Vrije Universiteit Brussels.

Selected publications

DE RUYSSCHER, D., “Bankruptcy, Insolvency and Debt Collection Among Merchants in Antwerp (c. 1490-c. 1540)” in Th.M. SAFLEY (ed.), The History of Bankruptcy. Economic, social and cultural implications in early modern Europe, Abingdon, Routledge, 2013, 185-199.

DE RUYSSCHER, D. en PUTTEVILS, J., “The Art of Compromise. Legislative Deliberation on Marine Insurance Institutions in Antwerp (c. 1550-c. 1570)”, BMGN-Low Countries Historical Review 130/3 (2015), 25-49.

DE RUYSSCHER, D., “Antwerp 1490-1590: Insurance and Speculation”, in A.B LEONARD (ed.), Marine Insurance: Origins and Institutions, 1300-1850, London, Palgrave MacMillan, 2015, 78-105.

DE RUYSSCHER, D., ‘Business Rescue, Turnaround Management and the Legal Regime of Default and Insolvency in Western History (late Middle Ages to Present Day)’ in J.I. ADRIAANSE en J.-P. VAN DER REST (eds.), Turnaround Management and Bankruptcy, London, Routledge, 2017, 22-42.

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Adrian Leonard is Associate Director and a post-doctoral researcher at the Centre for Financial History at Darwin College, University of Cambridge. An economic and social historian, his main area of interest is marine insurance in Britain, the British Empire, and around the world from the seventeenth to twentieth centuries. His current research projects include a history of commercial insurance in London in the twentieth century, and a study of marine insurers' contribution to British state finance during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.

Selected publications

Marine Insurance: origins and institutions. Palgrave Macmillan, History of Finance Series (2015), and the chapters 'Introduction' and 'Marine insurance and the Law Merchant'.

(with Pretel, David): The Caribbean and the Atlantic World economy: circuits of trade, money and knowledge, 1650-1914. Palgrave Macmillan, Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series (2015), and the chapter ‘From local to transatlantic: insuring trade in the Caribbean’.

(with O’Reilly, William and Coffman, D’Maris): The Atlantic World. Routledge, Worlds Series (2014), and the chapter ‘Reassessing the Atlantic contribution to British marine insurance’.

(with Neal, Larry and Coffman, D’Maris): Questioning Credible Commitment: Perspectives on the Glorious Revolution and the Rise of Financial Capitalism. Cambridge University Press (2013), and the chapter ‘Contingent commitment: the development of English marine insurance in the context of New Institutional Economics, 1577-1720’.

‘Underwriting Marine Warfare: Insurance and Conflict in the Eighteenth Century’, International Journal of Maritime History (December 2013).

‘Underwriting British trade to India/China, 1780-1835’, Historical Journal, Vol. 55, 4 (2012).

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Ana María Rivera Medina is Professor of Medieval History in the Medieval History and Historiographic Sciences and Technology department of the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED, Spain). She holds a PhD in Medieval History from the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, and a PhD in American History from the University of Seville. Additionally, she is a specialist in ICTs, online training, digital humanities and e-learning techniques. Her current fields of interests and work are Urban History and Maritime History. She is a member of several Spanish and European research networks and groups, including “La Gobernanza de los puertos atlánticos, siglos XIV-XXI”, “Gis d'Histoire Maritime & Sciences de la Mer”, “Castilla y el mar en la Baja Edad Media”, and CITCEM – Centro de Investigação Transdisciplinar “Cultura, Espaço e Memória”.

Selected publications

Rivera Medina, Ana María, Digital humanities applied to the historical cartography of the Atlantic ports: ‘E-port. Atlantic Cartography, XIVth–XVIIIth centuries’, in International Journal of Maritime History, 2017, Vol. 29, 1, pp. 182-186.

Rivera Medina, Ana María, “Navegación, comercio y negocio: los intereses vascos en los puertos flamencos en los siglos XV y XVI”, ARÍZAGA BOLUMBURU, B., SOLÓRZANO TELECHEA, J.A. (eds.) Las sociedades portuarias de la Europa Atlántica en la Edad Media. Logroño, Instituto de Estudios Riojanos, 2016, pp. 165-196.

Rivera Medina, Ana María, “Superando fronteras. Mujer y cultura laboral en los puertos del Norte Peninsular, siglos XIV-XVI”, Rey Castelao, O., García-Hurtado, Reyes (eds.) Las ciudades portuarias y su universo cultural. Santiago de Compostela: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Servizo de Publicacións e Intercambio Científico, 2016, pp. 17-32

Polónia, Amélia, Rivera Medina, Ana María (Eds.): La gobernanza de los puertos atlánticos, siglos XIV-XXI. Políticas y estructuras. Madrid, Casa de Velázquez, 2016.

Rivera Medina, Ana María: La construcción-reconstrucción de un espacio portuario. El canal y ría de Bilbao en los siglos XIV-XV. La gobernanza de los puertos atlánticos, siglos XIV-XXI. Políticas y estructura. Madrid, Casa de Velázquez, 2016, pp. 171-191.

Rivera Medina, Ana María, Espacios urbano y portuario: las dinámicas de gestión del Canal y Ría de Bilbao, Siglos XIV-XVI, en AZNAR VALLEJO, E., GONZÁLEZ ZALACAIN, R. Castilla y el Mar en la Baja Edad Media. La organización portuaria. Tenerife, Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de La Laguna, 2015, pp. 93-122.

Rivera Medina, Ana María, “Los espacios portuarios vizcaínos: mutaciones y adaptaciones de los puertos vizcaínos, Siglos XIV-XVI”, en CEM. Cultura, Espaço & Memória. Porto, CITCEM, 2014, 4, pp. 51-69.

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Luisa Piccinno is Associate Professor in Economic History at the University of Genoa, Department of Economics, where she is currently teaching Economic History and Business History. Her major area of expertise is the economic history of the Republic of Genoa in Early Modern Age. Her research interests focus mostly on maritime history of the Mediterranean (private investments, sea trade, routes, risks) and on the role of the port of Genoa.

Selected publications 

Genoa: a City with a Port or a Port City?, in W. Blockmans, M. Krom, J. Wubs-Mrozewicz (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Maritime Trade around Europe 1300-1600, London, Routledge, 2017.

Genoa, 1340-1620: Early Development of Marine Insurance, in A. Leonard (ed.), Marine Insurance. Origins and Institutions, 1300-1850, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.

I trasporti in Liguria all'inizio dell'Ottocento. Nuove dimensioni e modelli operative, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2013.

Rischi di viaggio nel commercio marittimo del XVIII secolo, in M. Cini (ed.), Traffici commerciali, sicurezza marittima, guerra di corsa. Il Mediterraneo e l'Ordine di Santo Stefano, Pisa, Edizioni ETS, 2011.

Trade of precious corals in the Mediterranean in the Middle Ages, in Iwasaki N. (ed.), A Biohistory of Precious Corals. Scientific, Cultural and Historical Perspectives, Hadano-shi Kanagawa, Tokai University Press, 2010.

Un'impresa fra terra e mare. Giacomo Filippo Durazzo e soci a Tabarca (1719-1729), Milano, Franco Angeli, 2008.

Economia marittima e operatività portuale. Genova, secc. XVII – XIX, Genova, Atti della Società Ligure di Storia Patria, 2000.

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Guido Rossi is lecturer in European Legal History at the University of Edinburgh. He studied in Italy (Pavia) and Cambridge. Lawyer by training, he is particularly interested in the intersection between legal and economic history.

Selected publications

Guido Rossi, "The Abandonment to the Insurers in Sixteenth Century Insurance Practice: Comparative Remarks", in A. Cordes, S. Dauchy, D. De ruysscher, H. Philajamäki (eds.), Sources of Commercial Law (Brill, 2017).

Guido Rossi, "Insurance in Elizabethan England. The London Code", Cambridge Studies in English Legal History, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Guido Rossi, "Civilians and Insurance: Approximations of Reality to the Law", 83(3-4) (2015) Tjidschrift voor Rechtsgechiedenis, 323-364.

Guido Rossi, "England 1523-1601: the beginnings of marine insurance", in A. Leonard (ed.), Marine Insurance: International Development and Evolution (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).

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Gijs is a first year doctoral student working on Professor Maria Fusaro’s ERC funded AveTransRisk project, focussing on the development of general averages (GA) in the Southern Netherlands in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. By researching GA, he hopes to uncover change and continuity in the legal framework in the Southern Netherlands during the later Medieval Period. Within the project, he will thus tackle the legal side of GA and, as a result, Gijs is also partly based at the Faculty of Law and Criminology at the Free University of Brussels under the supervision of Professor Dave De ruysscher.

Gijs completed both his BA (with Honours) and Research MA (cum laude) at Leiden University in The Netherlands (his home country), mainly focusing on private trade and smuggling within several chartered companies in the Low Countries. For his MA thesis, written under the supervision of Professor Catia Antunes, Gijs wrote an analysis of the circumstances in which the Ostend Company (1722-1727) could be founded, based on six distinct archives in three European countries. Besides his interests in business history, topics such as the Great Divergence and early modern globalization have always sparked his specific interests.

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Jake is a doctoral student based jointly at the University of Exeter and the Università di Pisa. His work within the ERC funded AveTransRisk project focuses on the development of general average in the Tuscan city of Livorno during the early modern period. This cosmopolitan free port will provide insights into the way that differing cultural attitudes interacted to shape maritime law, both in theory and in practice. The presence of large numbers of international operators at Livorno also presents an opportunity to explore the relationship between merchant communities and increasingly intrusive and formidable European states. More broadly, Jake is interested in the interplay between commerce and the world of ideas. This interest runs in both directions, encompassing not commerce’s entry into the lexicon of European political thought, but also the way that prevailing assumptions, debates and forms of knowledge shaped commercial institutions themselves.

Before beginning work on AveTransRisk, Jake studied at the University of Cambridge where he completed a BA in history (first-class honours) and an MPhil in medieval history. His first publication is a contribution to Richard Löwenherz: König, Ritter, Gefangener, the forthcoming catalogue for an exhibition currently running at the Historische Museum der Pfalz, Speyer. He is supervised by Professor Maria Fusaro (Exeter) and Professor Andrea Addobbati (Pisa).

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Lewis is a first-year doctoral student within the ERC fundeed AveTransRisk project. Working under the supervision of Professor Maria Fusaro and Dr Nandini Chatterjee, his part of the project looks at the French ‘Compagnie générale des assurances et grosses aventures’ in the seventeenth century. Lewis hopes to shed light on how Colbertian economic policy influenced maritime trade during a period of growing French momentum in the Mediterranean and Atlantic worlds.

His work on the project reflects his broader research interests. These centre primarily on early modern commerce and law in the Mediterranean world, with a particular enthusiasm for the experiences of France, England and the Ottoman Empire in the seventeenth century.

Lewis previously studied at Christ's College, Cambridge, where he graduated with first-class honours in his BA in 2016. His undergraduate dissertation, entitled ‘The English Levant Company in the age of Ottoman crisis, c. 1620-1660’, was written under the supervision of Dr Helen Pfeifer. It was awarded the Alan Coulson Prize for its distinctive contribution to the field of British imperial history. During his time at Christ's - where he was elected to college scholarship - Lewis was also the recipient of the Levy-Plumb Prize and the Mrs Vincent Astor Prize.

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Morgane Colleau completed her Undegraduate Degree at the Institute of Political Science (Sciences Po) in Aix-en-Provence, France. She then moved to Exeter where she completed a Masters and a PhD in Middle East Politics. Between 2015 and 2017, she provided administrative and project support to two Professional Doctoral Programmes in Clinical Psychology (CEDAR, Psychology Department). She is now combining three part-time positions within the University of Exeter and is working within both Research Services and the Doctoral College. 

Working hours and contact details

Mondays (08:00-12:00) and Wednesdays (08:00-11:45), 01392 722193

In the months to come, the AveTransRisk project team will be joined by a Web Developer as well as a Research Assistant.