Enterprising Britain; Culture and Commerce in the 19th Century (HIH1541)

15 credits

Many household names of today such as Marks and Spencer. Cunard and Cadbury had their origins in small nineteenth century business enterprises. It was a century of entrepreneurial activity as men and women took the opportunities presented by unprecedented growth from international trade. This module examines sources relating to nineteenth century businesses  to explore key elements of business success for men and women in the expanding commercial world  in the wake ofthe industrial revolution. Examples range from a small business with smuggling connections, to retailers and hoteliers and  large industrial concerns such as shipbuilding and a major ironworks. We will debate how these businesses began, how they found their customers, their management of  their employees, their investors and their routes to success.