A Transnational History of the Holocaust: Sources (HIH3162)
|Staff||Dr Nicholas Terry - Convenor|
|Pre-requisites||At least 90 credits of History at Level 1 and/or Level 2.|
|Co-requisites||A Transnational History of the Holocaust: Context|
|Duration of Module||Term 1: 11 weeks; Term 2: 11 weeks;|
Together with its co-requisite, the module will introduce students to the multiple histories of the Holocaust as told from the perspectives of perpetrators, victims and bystanders, engaging closely with a wide variety of sources documenting both the causes of and reactions to persecution and mass murder between 1933 and 1945. Drawing on published and translated source collections as well as a growing number of online digital archives, the module will make use of many personal documents such as contemporary diaries, letters, manuscripts and post-war memoirs, as well as official sources including the correspondence of relief agencies and diplomats, the archives of Jewish councils and ghettos, SS and other Nazi records, photographs, interrogations and trial transcripts. While students with reading knowledge of a foreign language can engage with digitised sources in a variety of European languages, the volume of source material available in English for this module is such that students without foreign languages will not be disadvantaged.
Through working with the extensive primary source collections available to this module, students will develop a range of research, analytical, interpretative and communication skills that can be applied in further academic studies or in graduate careers.
ILO: Module-specific skills
- 1. Have a detailed knowledge of the different sources available for the study of the Holocaust from a comparative and transnational perspective, together with a very close specialist knowledge of those sources which the students focus upon in their seminar presentations and written work.
- 2. Analyse the complex diversity of the sources studied.
ILO: Discipline-specific skills
- 3. Analyse closely original sources and to assess their reliability as historical evidence. Ability to focus on and comprehend complex texts
- 4. Understand and deploy relevant historical terminology in a comprehensible manner.
- 5. Follow the changing causes of and responses to persecution and mass murder across the period.
ILO: Personal and key skills
- 6. Independently and autonomously study and also work within a group, including presentation of material for group discussion, developed through the mode of learning
- 7. Digest, select and organise material to produce, to a deadline, a coherent and cogent argument, developed through the mode of assessment
- 8. Present complex arguments orally
The module focuses on the sources for the history of the Holocaust from the following perspectives, viewed transnationally and comparatively: 1) the evolution of persecution and mass murder of European Jews by the Nazi state from 1933 to 1945, and the reactions of German society to persecution and murder; 2) the persecution and murder of Jews by Axis states, collaborators and by ordinary Europeans, as well as reactions to persecution and murder in European societies; 3) Jewish responses to persecution and murder inside Nazi and Axis Europe; 4) international Jewish responses to persecution and murder outside Nazi and Axis Europe; 5) the reactions of states and societies outside Nazi and Axis Europe; 6) the interactions between perpetrators, victims, bystanders and ‘neighbours’.
The introductory sessions for this module will provide an overview of the subject and also expose students to the sources themselves. The seminars will focus on sources drawn from published and digitised resources, allowing students to develop their knowledge of the subject in conjunction with the close analysis of historiography provided in the co-requisite module, and to develop their skills in source analysis and acquisition. Some of the sources will be presented by individual students, others will be presented by students working in groups; and on other occasions there will be open discussion; students may also be expected to present and discuss specific sources they have found themselves from the module resources. Students will be expected to prepare for seminars by reading and evaluating the relevant sources in advance, and will discuss the issues raised by them in the seminars.
Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)
|Scheduled Learning and Teaching Activities||Guided independent study||Placement / study abroad|
Details of learning activities and teaching methods
|Category||Hours of study time||Description|
|Scheduled learning and teaching activities||44||22 x 2 hour seminars.|
|Guided independent study||256||Reading and preparation for seminars, coursework and presentations.|
|Form of assessment||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Seminar discussion||Ongoing through course.||1-6, 8||Oral from tutor and fellow students.|
Summative assessment (% of credit)
|Coursework||Written exams||Practical exams|
Details of summative assessment
|Form of assessment||% of credit||Size of the assessment (eg length / duration)||ILOs assessed||Feedback method|
|Portfolio||70||2 assignments totalling 4000 words||1-7||Verbal and written.|
|Individual Presentation||30||20-30 minutes||1-8||Verbal and written.|
Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)
|Original form of assessment||Form of re-assessment||ILOs re-assessed||Timescale for re-assessment|
|Presentation||Written transcript of 20 minute presentation.||1-8|
The re-assessment consists of a 4,000 word portfolio of source work, as in the original assessment, but replaces the individual presentation with a written script that could be delivered in such a presentation and which is the equivalent of 20 minutes of speech.
Indicative learning resources - Basic reading
Jewish Responses to Persecution, Volumes I-V. Lanham, MD: AltaMira, 2010-2015
Kulka,Otto Dov and Eberhard JaÌ?ckel (eds), The Jews in the secret Nazi reports on popular opinion in Germany, 1933-1945. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010
Heberer, Patricia (ed), Children during the holocaust. Lanham: AltaMira Press, 2015
Dobroszycki,Lucjan (ed), The Chronicle of the Å?ódÅº ghetto 1941-1944. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984
Kermish, Joseph (ed), To live with honor and die with honor!: selected documents from the Warsaw Ghetto Underground Archives "O.S." ("Oneg Shabbath"). Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1986
Ehrenburg, Ilya and Vasily Grossman, The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2002
Altman, Ilya, The Unknown Black Book: The Holocaust in the German-Occupied Soviet Territories. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008
Kassow, Samuel (ed), The clandestine history of the Kovno Jewish ghetto police. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2014
Vági, Zoltán (ed), The Holocaust in Hungary: evolution of a genocide. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2013
The Auschwitz album: a book based upon an album discovered by a concentration camp survivor, Lili Meier. New York, 1981
Module has an active ELE page?
Indicative learning resources - Web based and electronic resources
Yad Vashem Digital Collections: http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/resources/index.asp
Ghetto Fighters’ House Digital Archive: http://www.gfh.org.il/eng/?CategoryID=87
Leo Baeck Institute Digital Archive via http://cjh.org/
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Digital Archives: http://archives.jdc.org/?s=archivestopnav
Jewish Telegraphic Agency Archive: http://www.jta.org/jta-archive/archive-page
Nuremberg Trials at Library of Congress Military Legal Resources: http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/NTs_war-criminals.html
Harvard Nuremberg Project: http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/php/docs_swi.php?DI=1&text=overview
Eichmann Trial transcript: http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/e/eichmann-adolf/transcripts/
Lodz ghetto Jewish council records and statistics: http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl/39/278/0/#tabZespol
Polish government-in-exile Foreign Ministry Records, English language reports: http://www.szukajwarchiwach.pl/800/42/0#tabZespol
Records of the US War Refugee Board, 1944-45: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/archives/collections/franklin/?p=collections/findingaid&id=534&q=&rootcontentid=188864
Translated testimonies of Hungarian Jewish survivors recorded in 1945: http://degob.org/
Indicative learning resources - Other resources
Exeter Electronic Library resources include:
New York Times, Guardian, The Times, Daily Mail; Foreign Broadcast Information Service Reports (1941-1996), Mass Observation Online, Cabinet Papers from The National Archives; Churchill Archive
Available as distance learning?
Last revision date
Key words search
Holocaust; Jewish History, World War II