Zooarchaeology (ARC2504)

StaffProfessor Alan Outram - Convenor
Credit Value15
ECTS Value7.50
NQF Level5
Pre-requisites
  • ARC1010 and ARC1020 or equivalent
Co-requisitesNone
Duration of Module Term 1: 11 weeks;

Module aims

The module will outline the theory and practice of zooarchaeology, giving basic practical competence in the technique and a practical appreciation of observation, recording and interpretation issues. Students will attain basic competence in the identification and recording of bones from some common animal species and will be gain an understanding of how to analyse such data. Students will be acquainted with how bone assemblages can be interpreted to give us a fuller picture of past economies and environments in different archaeological periods

ILO: Module-specific skills

  • 1. know the theoretical and practical issues of zooarchaeology and understand how this knowledge may be applied; learn, and know how to use, the basic terms and conventions employed in zooarchaeology.
  • 2. demonstrate basic competence in identification of the bones from some common animal species
  • 3. prepare and interpret primary zooarchaeological data under guidance
  • 4. appreciate the ways in which animal bone assemblages can tell us about past economies and environment in different archaeological periods

ILO: Discipline-specific skills

  • 5. have a competent overview of the use and acquisition of practical data
  • 6. interpret a variety of information forms and assimilate/manage numerical and graphical data
  • 7. deploy data from technical reports

ILO: Personal and key skills

  • 8. manage data and display it graphically
  • 9. acquire a range of observational and analytical skills which are applicable in the wider world

Syllabus plan

1.      The skeleton, nomenclature, taphonomy.

2.      Scapula and humerus; quantification; skeletal part abundance and transport

3.      Radius and ulna; seasonality.

4.      Pelvis and femur; bone fusion ageing; sexing animals from morphology.

5.      Tibia and tarsals; identifying domestication.

6.      Mandibles and teeth; ageing animals from dentition; reconstructing domestic herd structures.

7.      Metapodia; sheep/goat separation.

8.      Phalanges; butchery, bone fracture.

9.      Approaches to assemblage analysis.

10.        Identification practice

Identification testThe skeleton, nomenclature, taphonomy. Scapula and humerus; quantification; part abundance. Radius and ulna; seasonality. Pelvis and femur; bone fusion ageing; sexing. tibia and tarsals; identifying domestication. The skeleton, nomenclature, taphonomy. Metapodia; butchery; sheep/goat separation. Phalanges; bone crafts; urban assemblages. Approaches to assemblage analysis. Case studies; identification test

Learning activities and teaching methods (given in hours of study time)

Scheduled Learning and Teaching ActivitiesGuided independent studyPlacement / study abroad
301200

Details of learning activities and teaching methods

CategoryHours of study timeDescription
Scheduled learning and teaching activities30Practical sessions with lecture and discussion elements (10x3hrs)
Guided independent study120Private study

Summative assessment (% of credit)

CourseworkWritten examsPractical exams
10000

Details of summative assessment

Form of assessment% of creditSize of the assessment (eg length / duration)ILOs assessedFeedback method
Bone ID exercise20in class, circa 20 specimens, 2 minutes per specimen2, 9return of marked test sheet
Project 1401500 words1-9mark and written comments
Project 2401500 words1-9mark and written comments

Details of re-assessment (where required by referral or deferral)

Original form of assessmentForm of re-assessmentILOs re-assessedTimescale for re-assessment
Bone ID exercisein class, circa 20 specimens, 2 minutes per specimen2, 9referred/deferred period
Project 1Project 1, 1500 words1-9Refer/Defer period
Project 2Project 2, 1500 words1-9Refer/Defer period

Indicative learning resources - Basic reading

Davis, S.J.M. (1987). The Archaeology of Animals.London: Batsford

Dobney, K.M., Jaques,S.D. and Irving, B.G. (1995). Of Butchers and Breeds: report on the vertebrate remains from the City of Lincoln. Lincoln: Lincoln Archaeological Studies 5.

Driesch A.E. von den (1976). A Guide to the Measurement of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites.Peabody Museum Bulletin 1.

Legge, A.J. and Rowley-Conwy, P.A. (1988). Star Carr Revisited. London: Centre for Extra Mural Studies.

Lyman, R.L. (1994). Vertebrate Taphonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reitz, E.J. and Wing, E.A. (2008). Zooarchaeology (2nd Ed.).Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rowley-Conwy, P.A. Ed. (2000). Animal Bones, Human Societies. Oxford: Oxbow Monographs.

Davis, S.J.M. (1987). The Archaeology of Animals.London: Batsford

Reitz, E.J. and Wing, E.A. (2008). Zooarchaeology (2nd Ed.).Cambridge:CambridgeUniversity Press.

Rowley-Conwy, P.A. Ed. (2000). Animal Bones, Human Societies.Oxford: Oxbow Monographs.

Driesch A.E. von den (1976). A Guide to the Measurement of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites.PeabodyMuseumBulletin 1.

Lyman, R.L. (1994). Vertebrate Taphonomy.Cambridge:CambridgeUniversityPress.

Legge, A.J. and Rowley-Conwy, P.A. (1988). Star Carr Revisited.London: Centre for Extra Mural Studies.

Dobney, K.M.,Jaques,S.D.andIrving, B.G. (1995). Of Butchers and Breeds: report on the vertebrate remains from the City ofLincoln.Lincoln:LincolnArchaeological Studies 5.

Davis, S.J.M. (1987). The Archaeology of Animals. London: Batsford Reitz, E.J. and Wing, E.A. (1999). Zooarchaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rowley-Conwy, P.A. Ed. (2000). Animal Bones, Human Societies. Oxford: Oxbow Monographs. Driesch A.E. von den (1976). A Guide to the Measurement of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites. Peabody Museum Bulletin 1. Lyman, R.L. (1994). Vertebrate Taphonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Legge, A.J. and Rowley-Conwy, P.A. (1988). Star Carr Revisited. London: Centre for Extra Mural Studies. Dobney, K.M., Jaques, S.D. and Irving, B.G. (1995). Of Butchers and Breeds: report on the vertebrate remains from the City of Lincoln. Lincoln: Lincoln Archaeological Studies 5.

Module has an active ELE page?

Yes

Available as distance learning?

No

Origin date

2011

Last revision date

February 2012

Key words search

Zooarchaeology, Taphonomy, Animals, Zoology